Drones: A South African security perspective

Drones, UAV’s, UAS, RPAS – whatever terminology that you may use, unmanned aerial vehicles are becoming more and more popular, not just for use by hobbyists who like to fly them on weekends, but for commercial purposes.

Using Drones for Commercial Use

 

Commercial use of drones ranges from aerial photography and filming, to being used in anti-poaching operations, aerial surveys, crop spraying, wildlife and other forms of monitoring, parcel delivery, delivering of medical supplies to remote areas, evaluation of fire scenes and incidents and surveillance.

Major retailers such as Amazon, are experimenting with drone technology for the fulfilment of orders in their larger warehouses, as well as looking at the viability of utilising drones to do deliveries. Large industrial plants are investigating the use of drones for spare parts logistics. Drones have been used to deliver blood and other essential medical supplies in hard-to-reach rural areas in countries like Rwanda.

Various organisations are testing using Drones to do deliveries.

Various organisations are testing the use of Drones to do deliveries.

Delivery options such as these, if they become a viable option for urban areas can increase the speed of deliveries, as well as saving resources and streamlining processes.

There are infinite applications, which are limited only by the technology that is currently available.

Negative uses of Drone Technology

 

Drone technology has many benefits when used in a positive manner. But like most technologies, there is a dark side to it as well. The most common “negative” use of drone technology that is prevalent, is the use of weaponised drones in warfare, as well as drones that have been used for espionage.

Criminals are also embracing drone technology. There have been reports of drones being used to smuggle items into prisons for the prisoners. In the UK, criminals have attached thermal imaging cameras onto drones in order to pick up the heat signatures of their rival’s marijuana farms, in order that they can steal from them. There are also what are known as “Narcotics drones”. These are drones that are used by drug dealers to smuggle drugs over the U.S./Mexican borders.

Closer to home, there is the potential for criminals to utilise drones to identify potential targets for robberies, both of commercial and private properties.

The word “Drone” has a negative connotation due to the use of weaponised drones that have been used in warfare by various countries, so the preferred name is the term RPAS – Remote Piloted Aircraft Systems. This definition encompasses the wide range of RPA systems that are available, from miniature units that can fit into the palm of your hand to larger fixed wing units with wingspans of more than 1m.

Risks involving RPAS

 

But with every technology, there is some element of risk that is involved. The military potential for destruction and the criminal element have already been highlighted, but the risks involving RPAS to the civilian user is just as high.

Injury to the Public

 

RPA’s can be very dangerous if not operated safely. Multi-rotor RPAS units have very sharp carbon fibre blades that can cause injury if they come into contact with a person. There has been a case in England where a toddler has lost an eye due to being injured by the blade of a RPA that was being flown in the backyard of the house.

Most RPA’s are powered by a rechargeable Lithium Polymer battery. As the recent Samsung Galaxy Note 7 incidents have illustrated, Lithium batteries can be very dangerous, if they are not manufactured or handled correctly. The Lithium Polymer batteries that are generally used in RPA’s are large and very powerful. If these batteries are not managed properly, they can be damaged and the damage to the battery can cause it to explode or ignite.

Besides the safety issues surrounding the RPA itself, other risks from the negligent operation of an RPA are the following:

Collision with other aircraft, with possible fatal results

 

There are frequent reports from around the world of pilots reporting RPA’s flying near their aircraft when coming into land. Besides the blatant disregard of the laws stating that RPA units should not fly within 10 km of an aerodrome, this is very dangerous. If the RPA had to strike the aircraft at a critical point while landing, and get caught up in an engine or wing flap, there could be disastrous consequences for the aircraft.

Other risks include damaging people’s property and legal liability for breaking laws such as privacy by-laws and other laws enforceable by other authorities.

Minimising the Risk

 

So, how can this be prevented? Firstly, by implementing specific legislation with regards to RPAS, and secondly by educating the public as to the risks and the rules regarding the use of RPAS.

South Africa is one of the first countries in the world that has introduced legislation with regards to the operation of Remote Piloted Aviation Systems (RPAS). With the rapid growth in the RPAS industry and the increased use of RPAS for commercial applications, legislation is necessary to ensure the safety and security of everyone who shares civil aviation airspace.

Part 101: Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems – the regulations that govern the operation of RPAS in South Africa became applicable in July 2015. These regulations cover the use of RPAS for commercial operations, corporate operations, non-profit operations and private operations.

Private Operations

 

With regards to operating RPAS in South Africa, if a person operates a RPAS unit for their own use, it may only be used for an individual’s personal and private purposes where there is no commercial outcome, interest or gain. The pilot must observe all statutory requirements relating to liability, privacy and any other laws enforceable by any other authorities. It is also a requirement that those that sell RPAS, display notices and inform buyers of the basic regulations as it applies to private and other uses of the systems that they sale

The flying of drones as a hobby has increased dramatically over the last number of years.

The flying of drones as a hobby has increased dramatically over the last number of years.

Commercial operations; corporate operations or non-profit operations

 

Drones or RPAS are often used for commercial filming e.g. movies, commercials.

Drones or RPAS are often used for commercial filming e.g. movies, commercials.

If an entity or a person is operating a RPAS for commercial operations; corporate operations or non-profit operations, the RPA must be registered and may only be operated in terms of Part 101 of the South African Civil Aviation Regulations.

 Aviation Security Awareness Training for RPAS 

 

Often the reason that individuals make mistakes or inadvertently break the rules, is that they are not aware of what the risks are or the potential threats. Therefore, one of the mandatory requirements is that all personnel employed in the deployment, handling, and storage of RPAS need to undergo Aviation Security Awareness Training, as detailed in Part 109 of the Civil Aviation Regulations.

Professional Aviation Services has been involved in the Aviation industry in one form or another for the last 35 years. We specialise in offering risk services in terms of compliance; aviation security consulting; training and aircraft sales.

We are passionate about educating and equipping people, and we are an approved Aviation Security Training Organisation. We offer the only SACAA approved Aviation Security Awareness training course designed specifically for RPAS operations. If you would like to find out more or book a training session, please contact us. Training is available at all our facilities. To find out more, please visit our training site, www.professionaltraining.co.za.

In Conclusion

In terms of mitigating risk and increasing security, education is key. The correct application of the regulations, the ongoing education of the public and the safe operation of RPAS, will go a long way in keeping the skies and people safe. This will create an environment where the use of RPAS technology to solve problems can become a reality.

Source information with regards to Part 101: South African Civil Aviation Authority.

A New Year, A New look

Excitement about our new home


In December 2015, we moved into our new home in Unit F, Wingfield Park, in Jet Park. Last week, construction started on our new training centre and offices. This is a very exciting time for all of us!

11.01 - 4

Entrance to the new training centre and offices


Our new training centre

At the end of this process, we will have 3 dedicated training rooms, a conference room and a dining /relaxation area for our students. For our staff, we will have dedicated offices for our consultants and managers, as well as a meeting room and a relaxation area.

This means that we will be able to accommodate 16 students per room, and we can utilise the conference room as another training venue, so we would be able to train 64 students, in 4 venues at one time.

This greatly increases our capacity to continue to provide quality training courses for all of our clients.

This project will be done within the next two weeks, and then it will be full steam ahead.


Training courses that we offer

We offer the following courses:

  • Part 109 – Aviation Security Awareness Training.
  • Part 109 – RPAS – Aviation Security Awareness Training
  • Part 108 – Air Cargo Security Familiarisation Training, Standard Air Cargo Security Training – Level 1 & Level 2
  • Part 92 – Dangerous Goods Awareness Training for Categories – 4,5,7,8,9,10, 11 & 12.
  • Human Factors – for Staff and for Managers
  • Guidelines for Handling Lithium Batteries

For further details on training that we offer and to book a course with us, please visit our Training website.


 

Have a look at the progress so far:

Instructor’s needed

Are you passionate about training? Are you in the Aviation Industry? Are you based in South Africa?


We are looking for experienced Instructors/Trainers in the Aviation, Aviation Security or Dangerous Goods by Air Industry in South Africa, to join our training department on a contract basis.

The job requirements for the position are as follows:

  1. Aviation or Aviation Security or Dangerous Goods by Air experience gained either in Aviation, Aviation Security, Freight Forwarding, Ground Handling industries, with a minimum of  24 months experience.
  2. Experience as an Instructor, teacher, supervisor or similar, any position where the person has been exposed to providing training;
  3. Valid Assessor and Facilitator or Train the Trainer qualification;
  4. Dangerous Goods CAT 6 (this can be provided to the right candidate);
  5. Standard Air Cargo Security Level 2 and AVSEC Manager Level 3; (can also be provided);
  6. Matric or similar NQF Level 4 or above qualification
  7. Candidate must be fluent in English.
  8. Verifiable references;
  9. Clear criminal record;
  10. South African citizen

If you meet the above requirements, and are looking to join a small yet dynamic team of people that are passionate about what they do, then please send us a full Curriculum Vitae, and your contact details so that we can get in touch with you. Contact us here

We look forward to hearing from you!

We have moved ….

Our training facilities and operations centre in Wingfield Park have moved from Unit C to Unit F.

We are in the process of setting up a new and improved training centre that will cater for more classes.

We are certified to present the following courses:

  • Part 108 – Air Cargo Security Awareness Training, Level 1 and Level 2
  • Part 92 – Dangerous Goods Awareness – CAT 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10 & 12
  • Part 109 – Aviation Security Awareness Training

We also present the following courses:

  • Guidelines on shipping Lithium Batteries
  • Human factors for Personnel
  • Human factors for Supervisors &  Managers

Keep an eye out for our January training schedule.

You can contact us for your training needs in South Africa by completing the contact form found on this site or by visiting http://www.professionaltraining.co.za.

We look forward to hearing from you.